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Pua Kumbu of Sarawak - Malaysia

| Day Tours ...

Southeast Asia has had a long history of producing local vegetable fibre textiles and later, locally grown handspun cotton textiles introduced by early traders from the Indian subcontinent. As Srivijaya evolved into a Maritime kingdom in the 7 th century, merchants from India, China, Persia and Arab came to trade on Malay soil. Among other goods, they brought silk threads, gold and textiles for trade. The new textiles and materials provided a new dimension to weaving in Malaysia. When Europeans arrived in Melaka towards the late 14 th century, the frame loom was introduced.

The back-strap loom and cotton textiles

In the early centuries of maritime trading, Indian traders brought the back-strap loom to Southeast Asia and introduced cotton as an alternative to bark-cloth textile. This primitive back-strap loom requires little effort in setting up. There is no rigid framework thus; the warp beam can be set up wherever there are two parallel upright poles. Often women are seen working at the verandah, in between house and field chores. The back-strap loom is portable, which befits the nomadic requirements and simplistic lifestyle of these communities. Most of the motifs and designs of the ancient forms of vegetable fibre textiles are connected to ceremonial rites and animistic values. Among the most renown and sought after textile are the cotton blankets called Pua Kumbu of the Iban tribe of Sarawak. The Iban tribe's lifestyle and beliefs are intricately woven into their textiles. As in many societies, weaving was always the work of women and her status in the community can be revealed from the type of motifs weaved. In the olden days, motifs with humanoid figures or anthromorphs (engkaramba) can only be weaved by wives and daughters of chiefs. These figures with raised arms and out-turned legs are representations of deities of the Iban's animistic religion and serves as a talisman to protect the wearer from danger as well as to ensure a bountiful harvest for the season. Although difficult to interpret, the motifs and colouring are usually inspired by the environment and reveal a lot about the Iban's rituals and beliefs. While most motifs are visual representations of animals, plants and even daily activities, others are more complex and abstract. Intricate patterns on the pua are often traditional and hereditary.

natural dyes

Kept as family heirlooms, these patterns are passed from mother to daughter. Like a personal stamp, the Iban women infuse much of their creativity in their weaving and decorative style. The most popular is the ikat or tie-and-die method. The warp patterns are created by selectively dyeing the longitudinal threads prior to weaving. This is also known as resist dyeing. When the dyed yarns are woven with a plain weft, the warped patterns emerge fuzzy and indistinct. To enhance the motifs, some weavers introduce embroidery, tapestry weaving, brocade weaving or supplementary weft embroidery. Old beliefs of misfortunes and death befalling upon them, however, kept weavers from straying from traditional motifs and methods of weaving.

 

Kuching & Surrounding Day Tours ~ Sarawak, Borneo

Half Day Tours (ex- Kuching)

Tours

Hrs

Daily
Departure

Min
adult

Include

Rate

AM

PM

Adult
(RM)

Child
(RM)

Kuching City Tour
~ tour description

3

9.00

2.00

2

Transport,
driver/ guide,
entrance fees

70

35

Semenggoh Orang Utan Wildlife Centre
~ tour description

3

8.15

2.00

2

85

43

Crocodile Farm & Mini Zoo Tour
~ tour description

4

9.00

2.00

2

90

45

Fairy & Wind Caves Tour
~ tour description

4

9.00

2.00

2

105

50

Sarawak Cultural Village + Cultural Show
~ tour description

4

8.30

2.00

2

120

60

Annah Rais Bidayuh Longhouse
~ tour description

4

8.00

1.30

2

110

55

Semenggoh Orang Utan & Crocodile Farm
~ tour description

4

8.15

2.00

2

130

65

Crocodile Farm & Annah Rais Longhouse
~ tour description

5

9.00

2.00

2

130

65

Semenggoh Orang Utan & Annah Rais Longhouse
~ tour description

5

8.15

2.00

2

135

68

Matang Wildlife Centre
~ tour description

4

9.00

2.00

2

100

50

Serikin Border Trading & Fairy Cave
~ tour description

5

8.00

1.00

2

145

73

Santubong Wildlife Cruise
~ tour description

4

-

4.30

2

300

150

Mangrove & Irrawaddy Dolphin Watch
~ tour description

4

8.30

-

2

Transport,
driver
/guide,
entrance fees

280

140

Full Day Tours (ex- Kuching)

Tours

Hrs

Daily
Departure

Min
adult

Include

Rate

AM

PM

Adult
(RM)

Child
(RM)

Kuching City (South & North) Tour
~ tour description

7

9.00

-

2

Transport,
driver /
guide,
entrance fees
& lunch

110

55

Kuching City & Sarawak
Cultural Village

~ tour description

7

9.00

-

2

160

80

Semenggoh Orang Utan, Annah Rais
Longhouse & Crocodile Farm

~ tour description

8

8.15

-

2

185

93

Annah Rais Bidayuh Longhouse
& Semenggoh Orang Utan

~ tour description

7

9.00

-

2

175

88

Semenggoh Orang Utan,
Crocodile Farm & Fairy Cave

~ tour description

8

8.15

-

2

205

105

Semenggoh Orang Utan,
Annah Rais Longhouse & Fairy Cave

~ tour description

8

8.15

-

2

205

105

Bako National Park –
Proboscis Monkey

~ tour description

7

8.30

-

2

200

100

Gading National Park –
Rafflesia Flower

~ tour description

6

9.00

-

2

200

100

Gading National Park &
Fairy Cave

~ tour description

7

8.30

-

2

225

115

Lemanak Iban Longhouse
~ tour description

12

7.00

-

2

335

170

Kubah National Park
~ tour description

7

8.30

-

2

240

120

Borneo Highland Day Trip
~ tour description

6

9.00

-

2

290

175

Sarawak Cultural Village
& Semenggoh Orang Utan

~ tour description

7

8.30

-

2

195

98

Tanjung Datu National Park
~ tour description

7

8.30

-

2

600

300

Satang Island Day Trip
~ tour description

7

8.30

-

2

340

170

Kuching Caving (On booking)
~ tour description

8

9.00

-

2

meal;
transport;
guide

from
199

-

Kayak in Kuching (On booking)
~ tour description

6

8.30

-

2

transport,
kayak, oars
and life jackets
mineral water

188

188

Borneo Highlands Kayaking and
Semengoh Orang Utan Rehabilitation
Centre Adventure Trip
(On booking)
~tour description

6

8.00

-

2

transport ,
kayak,
oars and
life jackets,
mineral water,
lunch

218

218

The Tringgus Trail
(4WD Adventure)
(On booking)
~ tour description

7

8.00

-

2

transport;
mineral water

260

260

The Bau Gold Mining
History Trail
(On booking)
~ tour description

7

8.00

-

2

transport;
lunch;
Water;
Souvenir photo

350

350

 

Please Note:

~ The seat-in-coach can only be conducted with the minimum number of person/adults required
~ Pick-up and drop-off service from hotels at Miri town centre
~ Services of an English Speaking Driver / Guide
~ Visa application to Brunei (if required) to be arranged on own expenses
~ Touring by air-conditioned car, van or coach (depending on the group size)
~ Rates are inclusive of entrance fees where applicable
~ Child age between 4-11 years old
~ Any unused services are non-refundable, non-exchangeable and non-deductible
~ 100% cancellation charge applies for NO SHOW OR CANCELLATION within 48-hrs
~ In the event of unforeseen circumstances, the local operator reserves the right to alter, amend or withdraw the package anytime with or without prior notice.

 Redemption Instructions :

~ 24 hours prior to travel date, please call our local tour representative (during working hours) to reconfirm your booking details. Pick up time is required 30 minutes prior to tour departure time.

Postponements of Trip:

* Please be advised that the trip will not be allowed to be postponed unless we are advised of any changes at least 3 working days before trip commencement date

**Please Note that there will be a non-refundable handling charge on payment made. Conditions apply.

booking
booking

 

 

Malaysia Cultural Activities, Festivals and Arts, People

Festivals

| Thaipusam (Hindu) | Keng Chek Festival (Taoist) | Hungry Ghost Festival(Taoist) | Moon Cake Festival (Chinese) | Ari Muyang Hma' Meri (Orang Asli) |

Cloth Weaving

| Songket Weaving | Pua Kumbu | Dastar of Sabah | Kain Tenun Pahang |

Street Markets/Art

| Little Penang Street Market |

Cultural Villages/Centres

| Sarawak Cultural Village | Monsopiad Cultural Village - Sabah | Kampung Sumangkap (Gong making village) - Sabah | Kampung Gombizau (Honey Bee farm) - Sabah |

Traditional Sarawak houses

| Bidayuh longhouse | Iban longhouse | Penan huts | Orang Ulu longhouse | Melanau tallhouse |

Sabah Peoples/Traditions

| The Rungus |