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The Penans - Sarawak

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Penan Huts

The Penans ancestral grounds are in the dense jungle forests where the controversial Bakun Dam is located. The Penans are nomadic people and are one of the very few nomadic tribes in Borneo . In the 1860's Odoardo Beccari, a renown botanist remarked that the Penans were man-hunters which is to say that they had no qualms about slaying any human beings in which they had no dealings with. The Penans only took belongings of the slain person and since they were nomadic, had no use for head trophies.

They build basic structures that resemble a makeshift hut which is used from a few weeks or some months until their food supply around the area runs dry especially the wild sago palm which is their staple diet. Unlike all the other natives, the Penans do not cultivate padi or perform any form of cultivation. They support themselves by hunting with the blowpipe, gathering the wild jungle fruits and sago, and by collecting the jungle products and bartering. A group normally numbers between 20 to 30 people ie the chief and his descendants. The penans are fiercely proud of their heritage and existence. Unfortunately, their ancestral grounds are under constant threat of diminishing due to its diversity and natural bounty. Many remain true to their lifestyle and would like to see some of their ancestral ground protected from the logging and expansion of palm oil plantations that are eating up the rainforests and their ancestral lands. For more information on the Penans, log onto Friends of the Earth,Malaysia. The Penans are losing their identity not by choice and your voice can make a difference to them. Help give them a voice.

The Sumpitan or Blowpipe

The Blowpipe or Sumpitan as called in Malay is made by Kayans, Kenyahs, and Penans but rarely by Ibans. The highly valued sumpitans are made from the Jagang tree. Hardwoods like the Jagang tree are normally difficult to carve. Generally, a large girth tree is felled, and the trunk is cut to long pieces of about 8ft. The piece is shaped cylindrical with an adze and reduced until 3 - 4in in diameter. The craftsman then erects a platform about 7ft above the ground. Charles Hose describes the process,' the prepared rod is fixed vertically with the upper end projecting through the platform, its lower end resting on the ground. Its upper end is lashed to the platform, its lower end to a pair of stout poles lashed horizontally to trees, and its middle to another pair of poles similarly fixed. The next operation, the boring of the wood, is accomplished by the aid of a straight rod of iron about nine feet long, of slightly smaller diameter than the bore desired for the pipe, and having one end chisel-shaped and sharpened. One man standing on the platform holds the iron rod vertically above the end of the wood, and brings its sharp chisel edge down upon the centre of the flat surface. Lifting the rod with both hands he repeats his blow again and again, slightly turning the rod at each blow. The rod soon bites its way into the wood. An assistant, squatting on the platform with a bark-bucket of water beside him, ladles water into the hole after every two or three strokes, and thus causes the chips to float out. This 0peration steadily pursued for about six hours completes the boring. By boring the lower part, the craftsman aims at producing a slight curvature of the tube by very slightly bending the pole and lashing it in the bent position; the pole on being released then straightens itself, and at the same time produces the desired slight curvature of the bore. This curvature is necessary in order to allow for the bending of the blow-pipe, when in use, by the weight of the spearblade which is lashed on bayonet-fashion.'

The shaft of the poisoned dart is made from the wood of the NIBONG and wild sago palms. It is about nine inches in length and one-sixteenth to one-eighth of an inch in diameter. The poison is made from the sap of the Ipoh tree(ANTIARIS TOXICARIA). The sap is heated over a fire until it becomes a dark purple paste.

Clothing

The native cloth, worn by almost all natives in the Borneon jungle was called the chawat. It is made from the bark of trees namely the KUMUT, the IPOH, and the wild fig. The material used is the fibrous layer underneath the outer bark. The fibrous layer is beaten with a heavy club until is pliable and then the piece is cut according to shape and size. Today, such material has been replaced with cotton.

Being nomadic, the Penans eat almost anything the jungle has to offer except the omen birds, birds that the natives believe bring them warning signals etc. however, the one beast - the crocodile seems to be regarded as a god by the Penans. It's been recorded that the Penans do sometimes carve crude wooden structures of the beast and hang it at their hut or shelter. At any time that anyone should fall ill, the medicine man would hang the blossom of a betelnut tree with the wooden image to aid him in calling back the wandering soul of the patient.

on the orang ulu...

 

Kuching & Surrounding Day Tours ~ Sarawak, Borneo

Half Day Tours (ex- Kuching)

Tours

Hrs

Daily
Departure

Min
adult

Include

Rate

AM

PM

Adult
(RM)

Child
(RM)

Kuching City Tour
~ tour description

3

9.00

2.00

2

Transport,
driver/ guide,
entrance fees

70

35

Semenggoh Orang Utan Wildlife Centre
~ tour description

3

8.15

2.00

2

85

43

Crocodile Farm & Mini Zoo Tour
~ tour description

4

9.00

2.00

2

90

45

Fairy & Wind Caves Tour
~ tour description

4

9.00

2.00

2

105

50

Sarawak Cultural Village + Cultural Show
~ tour description

4

8.30

2.00

2

120

60

Annah Rais Bidayuh Longhouse
~ tour description

4

8.00

1.30

2

110

55

Semenggoh Orang Utan & Crocodile Farm
~ tour description

4

8.15

2.00

2

130

65

Crocodile Farm & Annah Rais Longhouse
~ tour description

5

9.00

2.00

2

130

65

Semenggoh Orang Utan & Annah Rais Longhouse
~ tour description

5

8.15

2.00

2

135

68

Matang Wildlife Centre
~ tour description

4

9.00

2.00

2

100

50

Serikin Border Trading & Fairy Cave
~ tour description

5

8.00

1.00

2

145

73

Santubong Wildlife Cruise
~ tour description

4

-

4.30

2

300

150

Mangrove & Irrawaddy Dolphin Watch
~ tour description

4

8.30

-

2

Transport,
driver
/guide,
entrance fees

280

140

Full Day Tours (ex- Kuching)

Tours

Hrs

Daily
Departure

Min
adult

Include

Rate

AM

PM

Adult
(RM)

Child
(RM)

Kuching City (South & North) Tour
~ tour description

7

9.00

-

2

Transport,
driver /
guide,
entrance fees
& lunch

110

55

Kuching City & Sarawak
Cultural Village

~ tour description

7

9.00

-

2

160

80

Semenggoh Orang Utan, Annah Rais
Longhouse & Crocodile Farm

~ tour description

8

8.15

-

2

185

93

Annah Rais Bidayuh Longhouse
& Semenggoh Orang Utan

~ tour description

7

9.00

-

2

175

88

Semenggoh Orang Utan,
Crocodile Farm & Fairy Cave

~ tour description

8

8.15

-

2

205

105

Semenggoh Orang Utan,
Annah Rais Longhouse & Fairy Cave

~ tour description

8

8.15

-

2

205

105

Bako National Park –
Proboscis Monkey

~ tour description

7

8.30

-

2

200

100

Gading National Park –
Rafflesia Flower

~ tour description

6

9.00

-

2

200

100

Gading National Park &
Fairy Cave

~ tour description

7

8.30

-

2

225

115

Lemanak Iban Longhouse
~ tour description

12

7.00

-

2

335

170

Kubah National Park
~ tour description

7

8.30

-

2

240

120

Borneo Highland Day Trip
~ tour description

6

9.00

-

2

290

175

Sarawak Cultural Village
& Semenggoh Orang Utan

~ tour description

7

8.30

-

2

195

98

Tanjung Datu National Park
~ tour description

7

8.30

-

2

600

300

Satang Island Day Trip
~ tour description

7

8.30

-

2

340

170

Kuching Caving (On booking)
~ tour description

8

9.00

-

2

meal;
transport;
guide

from
199

-

Kayak in Kuching (On booking)
~ tour description

6

8.30

-

2

transport,
kayak, oars
and life jackets
mineral water

188

188

Borneo Highlands Kayaking and
Semengoh Orang Utan Rehabilitation
Centre Adventure Trip
(On booking)
~tour description

6

8.00

-

2

transport ,
kayak,
oars and
life jackets,
mineral water,
lunch

218

218

The Tringgus Trail
(4WD Adventure)
(On booking)
~ tour description

7

8.00

-

2

transport;
mineral water

260

260

The Bau Gold Mining
History Trail
(On booking)
~ tour description

7

8.00

-

2

transport;
lunch;
Water;
Souvenir photo

350

350

 

Please Note:

~ The seat-in-coach can only be conducted with the minimum number of person/adults required
~ Pick-up and drop-off service from hotels at Miri town centre
~ Services of an English Speaking Driver / Guide
~ Visa application to Brunei (if required) to be arranged on own expenses
~ Touring by air-conditioned car, van or coach (depending on the group size)
~ Rates are inclusive of entrance fees where applicable
~ Child age between 4-11 years old
~ Any unused services are non-refundable, non-exchangeable and non-deductible
~ 100% cancellation charge applies for NO SHOW OR CANCELLATION within 48-hrs
~ In the event of unforeseen circumstances, the local operator reserves the right to alter, amend or withdraw the package anytime with or without prior notice.

 Redemption Instructions :

~ 24 hours prior to travel date, please call our local tour representative (during working hours) to reconfirm your booking details. Pick up time is required 30 minutes prior to tour departure time.

Postponements of Trip:

* Please be advised that the trip will not be allowed to be postponed unless we are advised of any changes at least 3 working days before trip commencement date

**Please Note that there will be a non-refundable handling charge on payment made. Conditions apply.

booking
booking

 

 

Accommodation and Packages to Kuching, Damai Beach, Bako National Park and Batang Ai National Park

Accommodation:

Kuching

5 star & 4 star | Four Points by Sheraton | Grand Continental Hotel | Grand Margherita Kuching | Hilton Kuching | Merdeka Palace Hotel & Suite | Riverside Majestic | Pullman Kuching | 360 Hotel |

3 star & 2 star | Abell Hotel | Batik Boutique Hotel | Borneo Hotel | Dormani Hotel | De Palma Waterfront Hotel | Harbour View Hotel | Kingwood Inn | Kuching Park Hotel | The LimeTree Hotel | Regal Court Hotel | Regency Rajah Court Hotel | Telang Usan Hotel | Penrissen Inn |

Budget Hotels | Mandarin Lodging Lodge | Kuok Pin Hotel | Fata Hotel | Laila Inn |

Guesthouses | Basaga Holiday Residences | B & B Inn | Borneo Bed & Breakfast | Pinnacles Kuching | Singgahsana Lodge | The Fairview | The Kuching Waterfront Lodge |

Serviced Apartments | Grand Apartment Services | Ariva Gateway | Natol Motel Green Height |

Outskirts of Kuching

Homestays | Kura Kura Jungle Homestay |

Damai Beach, Santubong

| Damai Beach Resort | Damai Puri Resort & Spa | Permai Rainforest Resort | One Hotel Santubong | Nanga Damai Homestay |

Bako National Park

| Park Accommodation |

Batang Ai National Park

| Batang Ai Hilton | Nanga Sumpa Iban Tribal Longhouse Stay |

Trips and Packages:

Day Adventure Trips

| Caving in Kuching | Kayakking in Kuching | River Cruise with Irrawaddy Dolphins | Borneo Highlands Kayaking and Semengoh Orang Utan Rehabilitation Centre Adventure Trip Borneo Highlands Kayaking,Semengoh Orang Utan Rehabilitation Centre & Annah Rais Longhouse Adventure Trip | The Kuching Tringgus Trail (4WD Adventure) | The Bau Gold Mining History Trail |

Kuching, Semengoh Orangutan Centre and Surroundings

| 3 Days 2 Nights Kuching Holiday Package | 4 Days 3 Nights Kuching Holiday Package | 3 Days 2 Nights Jungle Homestay Package |

Kuching and Outskirts

| 3 Days 2 Nights Jungle Homestay Package | 3 Days 2 Nights Kuching Holiday Package | 3 Days 2 Nights Kuching Free & Easy Package | 3 Days 2 Nights Kuching, Longhouse & Hot Spring Package | 4 Days 3 Nights Kuching Holiday Package | 4 Days 3 Nights Kuching & Damai Beach Holiday Package | 3 Days 2 Nights Kuching City & Bako National Park Package | 4 Days 3 Nights Kuching & Batang Ai Longhouse Safari Package | 5 Days 4 Nights Kuching, Batang Ai and Bako National Park Holiday Package | 5 Days 4 Nights Kuching City & Iban Longhouse Back to Nature Package | 5 Days 4 Nights Kuching & Damai Beach Holiday Package | 5 Days 4 Nights Kuching City & Senah Rayang Village Longhouse Padawan Package | 7 Days 6 Nights Kota Kinabalu & Kuching Trip |

Volunteer Programmes

| 12 Days Work with Orangutans & Borneo Tribal Living Experiences |

Other Parts of Sarawak

Miri Town | Half Day Miri Town Tour |

Niah National Park | Niah National Park & Caves Day Trip |

Lambir Hills National Park | Lambir Hills National Park & Iban Longhouse Tour | Lambir Hills National Park Day Trip |

Mulu National Park | Royal Mulu Resort | 2 Days 1 Night Mulu Caves Package | 3 Days 2 Nights Mulu Caves Package | 3 Days 2 Nights Miri + Mulu Caves Package | 4 Days 3 Nights Package Mulu and Pinnacles Climbing Package | 4 Days 3 3Nights Miri City + Niah Caves + Mulu National Park Package | 4 Days 3 Nights Mulu Caves + Headhunter's Trail | 5 Days 4 Nights Mulu Pinnacles & Headhunters' Trail |

Combination Trips

| 7 Days 6 Nights Kota Kinabalu & Kuching Trip |

 

Malaysia Cultural Activities, Festivals and Arts, People

Festivals

| Thaipusam (Hindu) | Keng Chek Festival (Taoist) | Hungry Ghost Festival(Taoist) | Moon Cake Festival (Chinese) | Ari Muyang Hma' Meri (Orang Asli) |

Cloth Weaving

| Songket Weaving | Pua Kumbu | Dastar of Sabah | Kain Tenun Pahang |

Street Markets/Art

| Little Penang Street Market |

Cultural Villages/Centres

| Sarawak Cultural Village | Monsopiad Cultural Village - Sabah | Kampung Sumangkap (Gong making village) - Sabah | Kampung Gombizau (Honey Bee farm) - Sabah |

Traditional Sarawak houses

| Bidayuh longhouse | Iban longhouse | Penan huts | Orang Ulu longhouse | Melanau tallhouse |

Sabah Peoples/Traditions

| The Rungus |

 

About Sarawak Cultural Village:

Accommodation in Damai & Kuching:

Activities in Kuching:

State of Sarawak :

We accept online payment for the following credit cards :